The Defense Environmental Restoration Program-Formerly Used Defense Site Program (DERP-FUDS) was established in 1984 by the United States Army with the mission to protect the environment and natural resources for present and future generations as well as human health and safety by removing hazardous material from the environment. The FUDS Program is responsible for environmental restoration of all properties that were formerly owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United States and under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense.
Currently there are over 9,800 FUDS properties nationwide that have been reviewed for program eligibility and evidence of Department of Defense contamination. Over 2,650 of these properties have been determined to require environmental cleanup action with an estimated cost of over $18 billion. Within the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Sacramento District (consisting of northern California, Utah and Nevada), there are approximately 457 properties alone, with an estimated cleanup cost over $2 billion. The annual budget to clean up and close out these sites vary every year, which extends the time for site restoration completion and prolongs the startup of sites that have yet to begin.